Scientists will study the peculiarities of children’s sleep in the Arctic and develop ways to improve

MOSCOW, July 2. /TASS/. Scientists from the Karelian scientific center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) will hold in 2018, the study of child sleep in the Arctic. According to the results of the project will create recommendations for adjustments to the mode of the day and school activities for living in the far North of children, told TASS on Monday said the head of the project Sergey Kolomeichuk.

"We study how social desynchronisation – the need to live according to the schedule based on social norms, not biological clock, affect children and their sleep. In the Arctic these processes are more pronounced because, unlike temperate latitudes there is less sunlight. As a result, the stronger children do not get enough sleep, and this, in turn, affects their perception of information and the ability to make energy. It is fraught with overeating, a metabolic disorder, development of cardiovascular diseases and even diabetes" said Kolomeichuk and added that by the end of 2018, the researchers finished the study of groups of children from regions of Northern European Russia and make recommendations for the adjustment of sleep and daily regimen.

"We conduct primary data collection through surveys in children from the Murmansk region, the Northern part of Karelia and Arkhangelsk region, and with the help of tests evaluate the level of sleep hormone. Then compare with the figures for indigenous children. If they differ, then we look at what the indigenous peoples do it differently. Based on these data, we will develop recommendations for non-pharmacological correction of sleep, for example, the transfer at a later time classes start in schools during the second half of the year and we will recommend to authorities to use them to conduct a pilot project" added Kolomeichuk.

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He noted that such a practice exists in the Nordic countries. "All classes in the second half it would be useful to move for half an hour. This already exists in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland. Our neighbors believe that the quality of sleep has a direct relationship with the behavior of children. Therefore, to avoid various asocial phenomena in the future, they sewed [to the conclusion] to use this measure" said Kolomeichuk.

A project to study and assess the impact of life in the Arctic on the performance of sleep and wakefulness of children is carried out by a team of scientists from the expert center "Project office development of the Arctic" (It is TIME) together with the genetics laboratory of the Karelian Research center and the First Moscow state medical University named after Sechenov.

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